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The first of October is one of the most important feast days in the Russian Church, the Protection of the Holy Theotokos. Known in Russia as Pokrov (Покров), a word that means both 'veil' and 'protection', and refers to an 'appearance' of the Virgin (along with St John the Baptist and other saints and angels) to St Andrew of Constantinople (d. 936 CE) at the Blachernae church in the same city. The vision is believed to have saved Constantinople from an imminent threat from attackers. St Andrew can be seen at the bottom of the square wearing a peasants cloak and pointing out the vision to his disciple Epiphanius. The feast is very popular with the Russian people, partly because St Andrew was of Slavic origin. He is also known as a 'Fool for Christ', an idea which has been used prominently in Russian art and literature, most memorably in the novels of Dostoevsky.
Below is a list of the saints or feasts that can be identified, though some of the inscriptions cannot be deciphered.
1. Protection of the Veil (Pokrov)
10. Holy Apostle James, with St Andronicus and his wife St Athanasia of Egypt
18. St Longinus (name given to the soldier who pierced Christ's side with a lance at the crucifixion).
27. Holy Martyrs Marcian and Martyrius
See SS014 in this exhibition for more information on Menology icons in general.