Temple Gallery

Established 1959

Calendar for October - exhibited at the Temple Gallery, specialists in Russian icons

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SS013. October Menology

19th century
39 x 33 cmClick here to convert metric size to imperial

Provenance:  Private collection, Houston Texas

£3,250 [Sold]Click here to convert price to USD or EUR

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The first of October is one of the most important feast days in the Russian Church, the Protection of the Holy Theotokos. Known in Russia as Pokrov (Покров), a word that means both 'veil' and 'protection', and refers to an 'appearance' of the Virgin (along with St John the Baptist and other saints and angels) to St Andrew of Constantinople (d. 936 CE) at the Blachernae church in the same city. The vision is believed to have saved Constantinople from an imminent threat from attackers. St Andrew can be seen at the bottom of the square wearing a peasants cloak and pointing out the vision to his disciple Epiphanius. The feast is very popular with the Russian people, partly because St Andrew was of Slavic origin. He is also known as a 'Fool for Christ', an idea which has been used prominently in Russian art and literature, most memorably in the novels of Dostoevsky.

Below is a list of the saints or feasts that can be identified, though some of the inscriptions cannot be deciphered.

Row 1

1. Protection of the Veil (Pokrov)
2. Venerable Savva, abbot of Vishera, Novgorod (1461)
3. Hieromartyr Cyprian and Virgin-Martyr Justina
4. Dionysius the Areopagite
5. ?
6. ?
7. ?
8. ?
9. Virgin-martyr Pelagia of Tarsus (d. 290).

Row 2

10. Holy Apostle James, with St Andronicus and his wife St Athanasia of Egypt
11. Holy Martyrs Eulampius and Eulampia
12. St. Theophanes of Graptus, Confessor, hymnographer & bishop of Nicaea, and St.Philotheus Kokkinos of Mt. Athos, patriarch of Constantinople
13. Sunday of the Holy Fathers of the Seventh Ecumenical Council
14. Holy Martyrs Probus, Tarachus and Andronicus
15. Hieromartyrs Carpus, bishop at Thyateira, and Papylus the deacon
16. Holy Martyrs Nazarius & Protasius
17. St. Euthymius of Thessalonica, confessor (889)

Row 3

18. St Longinus (name given to the soldier who pierced Christ's side with a lance at the crucifixion).
19. Prophet Hosea with ??
20. St Luke the Evangelist
21. Hieromartyr Sadoth, Bishop of Persia (with ??)
22. Holy Great Martyr Artemius
23. St Hilarion, schemamonk of the Kiev Caves (1067)
24. Bishop Hierapolis Abercius, Seven Sleepers of Epeseus, the Kazan icon.
25. ?
26. ?

Row 4

27. Holy Martyrs Marcian and Martyrius
28. St Dimitri of Thessaloniki
29. Nestor the Chronicler (with ?)
30. Venerable Stephen of Mar Sabbas, with Martyrs Terence and Neonilla of Syria, and St Paraskevi Iconium
31. Holy Virgin Martyr Anastasia of Rome (with ?)
32. Hieromartyr Zenobius, Bishop of Aegae in Cilicia, and his sister Zenobia
33. ?

See SS014 in this exhibition for more information on Menology icons in general.

Detail Images